Smartphone-Based Tracking of Sleep in Depression, Anxiety, and Psychotic Disorders

Talayeh Aledavood*, John Torous, Ana Maria Triana Hoyos, John A. Naslund, Jukka Pekka Onnela, Matcheri Keshavan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview Articlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)
147 Downloads (Pure)


Purpose of Review: Sleep is an important feature in mental illness. Smartphones can be used to assess and monitor sleep, yet there is little prior application of this approach in depressive, anxiety, or psychotic disorders. We review uses of smartphones and wearable devices for sleep research in patients with these conditions. Recent Findings: To date, most studies consist of pilot evaluations demonstrating feasibility and acceptability of monitoring sleep using smartphones and wearable devices among individuals with psychiatric disorders. Promising findings show early associations between behaviors and sleep parameters and agreement between clinic-based assessments, active smartphone data capture, and passively collected data. Few studies report improvement in sleep or mental health outcomes. Summary: Success of smartphone-based sleep assessments and interventions requires emphasis on promoting long-term adherence, exploring possibilities of adaptive and personalized systems to predict risk/relapse, and determining impact of sleep monitoring on improving patients’ quality of life and clinically meaningful outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number49
Number of pages9
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal


  • Circadian rhythms
  • Mental illness
  • Psychotic disorders
  • Sleep
  • Smartphones
  • Wearable


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