Small-scale dynamos in simulations of stratified turbulent convection

P. J. Käpylä*, M. J. Käpylä, A. Brandenburg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Small-scale dynamo action is often held responsible for the generation of quiet Sun magnetic fields. We aim to determine the excitation conditions and saturation level of small-scale dynamos in nonrotating turbulent convection at low magnetic Prandtl numbers. We use high-resolution direct numerical simulations of weakly stratified turbulent convection. We find that the critical magnetic Reynolds number for dynamo excitation increases as the magnetic Prandtl number is decreased, which might suggest that small-scale dynamo action is not automatically evident in bodies with small magnetic Prandtl numbers, such as the Sun. As a function of the magnetic Reynolds number (Rm), the growth rate of the dynamo is consistent with an Rm1/2 scaling. No evidence for a logarithmic increase of the growth rate with Rm is found.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-133
JournalAstronomische Nachrichten
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Convection
  • Stars: magnetic fields
  • Sun: magnetic fields
  • Turbulence

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