Slow delivery of biocide from nanostructured, microscaled, particles reduces its phytoxicity: A model investigation

Bruno Dufau Mattos*, Lucas Rafael da Silva, Irisdoris Rodrigues de Souza, Washington Luiz Esteves Magalhães, Daniela Morais Leme

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Nano-engineered delivery systems have emerged as possible solutions for more efficient pest management in agriculture. Likewise for nanostructured drug delivery systems (DDS) in medicine, the use of biocide delivery systems (BDS) brought concerns on their toxicology on non-targeted organisms. Plants, for instance, are the foundation of the ecosystem, acting as primary actor in the food chain and is associated with the whole biodiversity, being strictly related to human health. This is a very important consideration to fully understand the benefits of using delivery systems for crop protection and production. Herein, a biocide delivery system was prepared by loading nanostructured, microscaled, biogenic silica particles with thymol, a known phytotoxicant. The resulting system contains 120 mg of thymol per gram of silica and displays slow release features. The Allium cepa bioassay was chosen to demonstrate how the toxicity and cellular damages induced by thymol can be significantly reduced through a slow, controlled, release strategy. The lower mobility of the reference particles associated with slow-delivery features reduced the toxicity and cellular damages caused by thymol in the plant genetic model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)513-519
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 5 Apr 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Allium cepa
  • Genetics
  • Phyto-toxicity
  • Thymol


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