Skin and bubble formation in films made of methyl nanocellulose, hydrophobically modified ethyl(hydroxyethyl)cellulose and microfibrillated cellulose

Johanna Lyytikäinen*, Maria Morits, Monika Österberg, Isto Heiskanen, Kaj Backfolk

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The use of nanomaterials and polymers from renewable resources is important in the search for sustainable alternatives to plastic-based packaging materials and films.In this work, self-supporting thin films prepared from derivatized and non-derivatized nanocellulose and cellulose derivatives were studied. The effect of drying temperature on the film-forming behavior of compositions comprising hydrophobically modified ethyl(hydroxyethyl)cellulose (EHEC), native microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) and nanocellulose made from methyl cellulose was determined. The interaction between the components was assessed from viscosity measurements made at different temperatures, the result being linked to a thermal-dependent association during liquid evaporation, and the subsequent barrier and film-forming properties. The effect of temperature on suspensions was clearly different between the materials, confirming that there were differences in interaction and association between EHEC–MFC and methyl nanocellulose–MFC compositions. The amphiphilic EHEC affected both the suspension homogeneity and the film properties. Air bubbles were formed under certain conditions and composition particularly in MFC films, dependent on the drying procedure. The presence of air bubbles did not affect the oxygen transmission rate or the oil and grease resistance. An increasing amount of MFC improved the oxygen barrier properties of the films.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages11
JournalCellulose
Early online date13 Nov 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Nov 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Barrier
  • Hydrophobically modified ethyl(hydroxyethyl)cellulose
  • Methyl nanocellulose
  • MFC

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