Sizing of a photo voltaic-storage system for power system frequency support

Antti Alahäivälä, Matti Lehtonen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Power system frequency quality has become topical due to the installation of variable renewable generation. The present paper contributes to the topic by investigating the sizing of a photovoltaic energy storage (PV-ES) system for frequency maintenance. The core content of the paper is threefold. Firstly, an algorithm is proposed to optimize storage capacity required to provide virtual kinetic energy and droop response for the frequency support. Secondly, the required storage and corresponding power capacity are assessed in the case of the frequency dynamics of the Nordic power system. Particular attention is given to the sizing requirements for virtual kinetic energy, replacing the displaced kinetic energy of conventional power plants. Thirdly, a case study is performed to showcase the sizing of several PV-ES systems located in Finland where they are considered to participate in the frequency maintenance in terms of inertial support.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2017 14th International Conference on the European Energy Market, EEM 2017
ISBN (Electronic)9781509054992
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jul 2017
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Conference on the European Energy Market - Dresden, Germany
Duration: 6 Jun 20179 Jun 2017
Conference number: 14

Publication series

NameInternational Conference on the European Energy Market
ISSN (Print)2165-4077
ISSN (Electronic)2165-4093


ConferenceInternational Conference on the European Energy Market
Abbreviated titleEEM


  • Droop response
  • Energy storage
  • Frequency quality
  • Photovoltaic
  • Virtual inertia


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