Size-Selective Encapsulation of Hydrophobic Guests by Self-Assembled M4L6 Cobalt and Nickel Cages

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


  • Tanya K. Ronson
  • Chandan Giri
  • Ngong Kodiah Beyeh
  • Antti Minkkinen
  • Filip Topić
  • Julian J. Holstein
  • Kari Rissanen
  • Jonathan Nitschke

Research units

  • University of Cambridge
  • University of Jyväskylä


Subtle differences in metal–ligand bond lengths between a series of [M4L6]4− tetrahedral cages, where M=FeII, CoII, or NiII, were observed to result in substantial differences in affinity for hydrophobic guests in water. Changing the metal ion from iron(II) to cobalt(II) or nickel(II) increases the size of the interior cavity of the cage and allows encapsulation of larger guest molecules. NMR spectroscopy was used to study the recognition properties of the iron(II) and cobalt(II) cages towards small hydrophobic guests in water, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction was used to study the solid-state complexes of the iron(II) and nickel(II) cages.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3374–3382
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

ID: 11467945