Single-Shot Readout and Relaxation of Singlet and Triplet States in Exchange-Coupled P-31 Electron Spins in Silicon

Juan P. Dehollain*, Juha T. Muhonen, Kuan Y. Tan, Andre Saraiva, David N. Jamieson, Andrew S. Dzurak, Andrea Morello

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


We present the experimental observation of a large exchange coupling J approximate to 300 mu eV between two P-31 electron spin qubits in silicon. The singlet and triplet states of the coupled spins are monitored in real time by a single-electron transistor, which detects ionization from tunnel-rate-dependent processes in the coupled spin system, yielding single-shot readout fidelities above 95%. The triplet to singlet relaxation time T-1 approximate to 4 ms at zero magnetic field agrees with the theoretical prediction for J-coupled P-31 dimers in silicon. The time evolution of the two-electron state populations gives further insight into the valley-orbit eigenstates of the donor dimer, valley selection rules and relaxation rates, and the role of hyperfine interactions. These results pave the way to the realization of two-qubit quantum logic gates with spins in silicon and highlight the necessity to adopt gating schemes compatible with weak J-coupling strengths.

Original languageEnglish
Article number236801
Number of pages5
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jun 2014
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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