Seven Years after the Manifesto: Literature Review and Research Directions for Technologies in Animal Computer Interaction

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewScientificpeer-review


Research units

  • Polytechnic University of Valencia
  • University of Central Lancashire


As technologies diversify and become embedded in everyday lives, the technologies we expose to animals, and the new technologies being developed for animals within the field of Animal Computer Interaction (ACI) are increasing. As we approach seven years since the ACI manifesto, which grounded the field within Human Computer Interaction and Computer Science, this thematic literature review looks at the technologies developed for (non-human) animals. Technologies that are analysed include tangible and physical, haptic and wearable, olfactory, screen technology and tracking systems. The conversation explores what exactly ACI is whilst questioning what it means to be animal by considering the impact and loop between machine and animal interactivity. The findings of this review are expected to form the first grounding foundation of ACI technologies informing future research in animal computing as well as suggesting future areas for exploration.


Original languageEnglish
Article number30
Pages (from-to)1-29
Number of pages29
JournalMultimodal Technologies and Interaction
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • Animal Computer Interaction, Technologies for animals, Animal centred design, Usability for Animals, literatur review

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