Sequential Monte Carlo Instant Radiosity

Peter Hedman, Tero Karras, Jaakko Lehtinen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Instant Radiosity and its derivatives are interactive methods for efficiently estimating global (indirect) illumination. They represent the last indirect bounce of illumination before the camera as the composite radiance field emitted by a set of virtual point light sources (VPLs). In complex scenes, current algorithms suffer from a difficult combination of two issues: it remains a challenge to distribute VPLs in a manner that simultaneously gives a high-quality indirect illumination solution for each frame, and to do so in a temporally coherent manner. We address both issues by building, and maintaining overtime, an adaptive and temporally coherent distribution of VPLs in locations where they bring indirect light to the image. We introduce a novel heuristic sampling method that strives to only move as few of the VPLs between frames as possible. The result is, to the best of our knowledge, the first interactive global illumination algorithm that works in complex, highly-occluded scenes, suffers little from temporal flickering, supports moving cameras and light sources, and is output-sensitive in the sense that it places VPLs in locations that matter most to the final result.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1442-1453
JournalIEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Lighting
  • Cameras
  • Light sources
  • Coherence
  • Rendering (computer graphics)
  • Monte Carlo methods
  • Brightness


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