Self-user shadowing effects of millimeter-wave mobile phone antennas in a browsing mode

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Research units


In this paper a simulation method for estimating the shadowing effect of a human at millimeter-wave frequencies is presented. The shadowing effect is studied at 28 GHz and at 60 GHz for the case when a user holds a mobile phone. Both single-hand grip and two-hand grip browsing scenarios are studied with a dual-polarized mobile phone antenna. We use the integral equation method combined with a surface-impedance-based material model for the human. It is found that at 28 GHz the human body causes shadowing of up to 22 dB behind torso and head of the human, while at 60 GHz shadowing is up to 30 dB. On the other hand, in some other directions the human body effectively increases radiation by up to 5-10 dB through scattering and reflection. The novel method using a detailed human shadowing model is useful in evaluating mm-wave mobile terminal antenna performance in realistic multipath propagation environments.


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the European Conference on Antennas and Propagation
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventEuropean Conference on Antennas and Propagation - Krakow, Poland
Duration: 31 Mar 20195 Apr 2019
Conference number: 13

Publication series

NameProceedings of the European Conference on Antennas and Propagation
ISSN (Print)2164-3342


ConferenceEuropean Conference on Antennas and Propagation
Abbreviated titleEuCAP
Internet address

    Research areas

  • 28 GHz, 60 GHz, human shadowing, Millimeter waves, mmWave

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