Self-tuning Omnidirectional Wireless Power Transfer using Double Toroidal Helix Coils

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Abstract

In this article, we suggest and study a novel omnidirectional wireless power transfer (WPT) system based on unusual double-toroidal helix coils. The suggested antenna is a double-helix coil wounded around a torus. It creates two mutually orthogonal magnetic fields. One is toroidal and confined inside the torus, and another one is poloidal and is distributed outside it. The intensities of these two fields can be independently tuned via the geometry of the turns. The coupling coefficients are tailored to ensure high efficiency regardless of the receiver position and orientation, without active circuitry for tuning or control. This topology provides self-tuning functionality which is achieved when the coupling between the transmitter and receiver is minimized while the coupling in the pairs transmitter-repeater and repeater-receiver is strong. The system consists of three transmitter-repeater pairs orthogonal to each other, ensuring omnidirectional functionality. Experimental results confirm self-tunability and high efficiency for any position and orientation of receivers. The proposed double-helix antenna is applicable to different WPT applications where the coupling/decoupling between coils can be freely controlled.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6828-6837
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Volume69
Issue number7
Early online date2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Coils
  • Couplings
  • omnidirectional power
  • poloidal field
  • Receivers
  • Repeaters
  • Three-dimensional displays
  • toroidal field
  • toroidal helix coil
  • Toroidal magnetic fields
  • Transmitters
  • Wireless power transfer

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