Self-Propelling and Positioning of Droplets Using Continuous Topography Gradient Surface

Juan Li, X.L. Tian, A. P. Perros, Sami Franssila, Ville Jokinen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)
178 Downloads (Pure)


A radial pattern with continuous topography gradient is presented, which induces a continuous inward wettability gradient and enables self-propelling and accurate positioning of droplets to the pattern center. The effect of droplet size and wettability gradient of the pattern on the self-mobility of droplets is investigated. The wettability gradient is found to increase towards the pattern center, enhancing the self-motion of droplets at the inner area of the pattern. Moreover, larger droplets give rise to a larger solid-liquid contact diameter, which helps to satisfy the self-motion criteria that the advancing contact angle at front edge is smaller than the receding contact angle at rear edge. Consequently, a larger droplet size favors self-motion initiated from the outer area of the pattern. The continuous topography gradient employed here allows the flexible dispensing of droplets at any place within a certain range, and avoids potential pinning defects to droplets at geometrical discontinuities. An average self-motion velocity up to 4.0 cm/s for microliter-sized droplets is achieved on the resultant patterned surface.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1400001
Pages (from-to)1-6
JournalAdvanced Materials Interfaces
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • droplet
  • gradient
  • wetting


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