The huge appetite for mobile broadband has resulted to continuous and complementary improvement in both radio access technology and mobile backhaul of cellular networks, along with network densification. Femtocells are foreseen to complement traditional macro base stations (BSs) in Long Term Evolution (LTE) and future cellular networks. Deployment of femtocells, introduce new requirements for distributing phase synchronization and interference management in heterogeneous network. Achieving phase synchronization for indoor femtocells will be beneficial for time division duplexing (TDD) operation and inter-cell interference cancellation and management techniques, but challenging to achieve as global positioning system does not work indoors. In this thesis, we propose coordinated transmission and reception algorithms to reduce interference across BSs, and thereby achieve better network-wide phase synchronization over the air. We also cover the problem of selecting component carriers for dense small cell network, by improving the throughput of cell-edge user equipment's (UEs). We propose three strategies: Selfish, Altruistic and Symmetric for primary carrier selection and remove the outage of the macro UEs near the closed subscriber group (CSG) femtocells. Further, we propose dynamic frequency selection algorithm for component carrier selection, where decisions to select or drop a carrier are based on gain/loss predictions made from UE handover measurements. Thereby, we maximize the sum utility of the dense femtocell network, which includes mean-rate, weighted fair-rate, proportional fair-rate and max-min utility. Mobile backhaul dimensioning is studied to improve the handover and provide the cost-effective backhaul opportunity for femtocells deployed in emerging markets. In a packet-switched wireless system e.g. LTE, data packets are needed to be efficiently forwarded between BSs during handover over the backhaul. We improve the packet forwarding handover mechanism by reducing the amount of forwarded data between BSs. Another challenge lies in equipping the femtocells with backhaul, where copper cable, optical fiber or microwave radio links are expensive options for unplanned emerging market case. We consider leveraging macro LTE networks to backhaul High Speed Packet Access femtocells, thereby highlight the possibilities for cost-effective capacity upgrades of dense settlements.
|Translated title of the contribution||Self-Organizing Radio Resource Management and Backhaul Dimensioning for Cellular Networks|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
|MoE publication type||G5 Doctoral dissertation (article)|
- component carrier
- data forwarding
- heterogeneous network