Rural-Urban Migration and the Growth of Informal Settlements : A Socio-Ecological System Conceptualization with Insights Through a "Water Lens"

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@article{12f6b5d8379e48158870c35c212af340,
title = "Rural-Urban Migration and the Growth of Informal Settlements : A Socio-Ecological System Conceptualization with Insights Through a {"}Water Lens{"}",
abstract = "Informal settlements i.e., slums emerge from the interplay of multidimensional factors related to urbanization and sustainability. While the contribution of urban factors is well understood, the role of external drivers, such as uncontrolled migration to urban areas, is rarely addressed in research or policy-making. This study develops a novel conceptualization of slums by reviewing the pushing and pulling factors of migration and their contribution to informal settlements through 1) a socio-ecological system approach and 2) the concept of adaptive capacity. Further, it advances the discussion around synergistic and coherent policy-making in the urban context by reviewing three urban agendas and further using water as a case with the concept of cross-cutting domains. We show that the emergence of urban challenges can, and should be, linked to the root causes of flows into urban areas. Understanding these linkages through a socio-ecological system framework opens a window for knowledge-based policy development and addressing the question of how to avoid unsustainable urban development. Urbanization is one of the phenomena where the excessive complexity and dimensions of problems should not hamper action but instead, actions should be encouraged and enabled with synergistic and integrative pathways for sustainable urban development.",
keywords = "rural-urban migration, adaptive capacity, socio-ecological system, cross-cutting domains, human-nature systems, sustainable urban development, urban agenda, TONLE-SAP LAKE, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ADAPTIVE CAPACITY, PROSPECT-THEORY, HUMAN DIMENSIONS, CITIES, RESILIENCE, ADAPTATION, VULNERABILITY, URBANIZATION",
author = "Venla Niva and Maija Taka and Olli Varis",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "2",
doi = "10.3390/su11123487",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "SUSTAINABILITY",
issn = "2071-1050",
publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
number = "12",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Rural-Urban Migration and the Growth of Informal Settlements : A Socio-Ecological System Conceptualization with Insights Through a "Water Lens"

AU - Niva, Venla

AU - Taka, Maija

AU - Varis, Olli

PY - 2019/6/2

Y1 - 2019/6/2

N2 - Informal settlements i.e., slums emerge from the interplay of multidimensional factors related to urbanization and sustainability. While the contribution of urban factors is well understood, the role of external drivers, such as uncontrolled migration to urban areas, is rarely addressed in research or policy-making. This study develops a novel conceptualization of slums by reviewing the pushing and pulling factors of migration and their contribution to informal settlements through 1) a socio-ecological system approach and 2) the concept of adaptive capacity. Further, it advances the discussion around synergistic and coherent policy-making in the urban context by reviewing three urban agendas and further using water as a case with the concept of cross-cutting domains. We show that the emergence of urban challenges can, and should be, linked to the root causes of flows into urban areas. Understanding these linkages through a socio-ecological system framework opens a window for knowledge-based policy development and addressing the question of how to avoid unsustainable urban development. Urbanization is one of the phenomena where the excessive complexity and dimensions of problems should not hamper action but instead, actions should be encouraged and enabled with synergistic and integrative pathways for sustainable urban development.

AB - Informal settlements i.e., slums emerge from the interplay of multidimensional factors related to urbanization and sustainability. While the contribution of urban factors is well understood, the role of external drivers, such as uncontrolled migration to urban areas, is rarely addressed in research or policy-making. This study develops a novel conceptualization of slums by reviewing the pushing and pulling factors of migration and their contribution to informal settlements through 1) a socio-ecological system approach and 2) the concept of adaptive capacity. Further, it advances the discussion around synergistic and coherent policy-making in the urban context by reviewing three urban agendas and further using water as a case with the concept of cross-cutting domains. We show that the emergence of urban challenges can, and should be, linked to the root causes of flows into urban areas. Understanding these linkages through a socio-ecological system framework opens a window for knowledge-based policy development and addressing the question of how to avoid unsustainable urban development. Urbanization is one of the phenomena where the excessive complexity and dimensions of problems should not hamper action but instead, actions should be encouraged and enabled with synergistic and integrative pathways for sustainable urban development.

KW - rural-urban migration

KW - adaptive capacity

KW - socio-ecological system

KW - cross-cutting domains

KW - human-nature systems

KW - sustainable urban development

KW - urban agenda

KW - TONLE-SAP LAKE

KW - SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

KW - ADAPTIVE CAPACITY

KW - PROSPECT-THEORY

KW - HUMAN DIMENSIONS

KW - CITIES

KW - RESILIENCE

KW - ADAPTATION

KW - VULNERABILITY

KW - URBANIZATION

U2 - 10.3390/su11123487

DO - 10.3390/su11123487

M3 - Article

VL - 11

JO - SUSTAINABILITY

JF - SUSTAINABILITY

SN - 2071-1050

IS - 12

M1 - 3487

ER -

ID: 35762979