Roadmap on STIRAP applications

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


  • Klaas Bergmann
  • Hanns-Christoph Naegerl
  • Cristian Panda
  • Gerald Gabrielse
  • Eduard Miloglyadov
  • Martin Quack
  • Georg Seyfang
  • Gunther Wichmann
  • Silke Ospelkaus
  • Axel Kuhn
  • Stefano Longhi
  • Alexander Szameit
  • Philipp Pirro
  • Burkard Hillebrands
  • Xue-Feng Zhu
  • Jie Zhu
  • Michael Drewsen
  • Winfried K. Hensinger
  • Sebastian Weidt
  • Thomas Halfmann
  • Hai-Lin Wang
  • Nikolay V. Vitanov
  • Jordi Mompart
  • Thomas Busch
  • Timothy J. Barnum
  • David D. Grimes
  • Robert W. Field
  • Mark G. Raizen
  • Edvardas Narevicius
  • Marcis Auzinsh
  • Dmitry Budker
  • Adriana Palffy
  • Christoph H. Keitel

Research units

  • Univ Innsbruck, University of Innsbruck, Zentrum Quantenphys
  • Northwestern Univ, Northwestern University, Ctr Fundamental Phys
  • Swiss Fed Inst Technol, ETH Zurich, Lab Phys Chem
  • Leibniz Univ Hannover, University of Hannover, Inst Quantenopt
  • Univ Oxford, University of Oxford, Clarendon Lab
  • Politecn Milan, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Istituto di Fotonica e Nanotecnologie (IFN-CNR), Polytechnic University of Milan, IFN CNR, Dipartimento Fis
  • Univ Rostock, University of Rostock, Inst Phys
  • Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Huazhong University of Science & Technology, Wuhan Natl Lab Optoelect
  • Hong Kong Polytech Univ, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Dept Mech Engn, Hung Hom, Kowloon
  • Aarhus University
  • Univ Sussex, University of Sussex, Sussex Ctr Quantum Technol
  • Tech Univ Darmstadt, Darmstadt University of Technology, Inst Appl Phys
  • Univ Oregon, University of Oregon, Dept Phys
  • St Kliment Ohridski Univ Sofia, University of Sofia, Fac Phys
  • Univ Autonoma Barcelona, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Dept Fis
  • Grad Univ, Okinawa Institute of Science & Technology Graduate University, Okinawa Inst Sci & Technol, Quantum Syst Unit
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • MIT-Harvard Center for Ultracold Atoms
  • Univ Texas Austin, University of Texas System, University of Texas Austin, Dept Phys
  • Weizmann Inst Sci, Weizmann Institute of Science, Dept Chem Phys
  • Univ Latvia, University of Latvia, Dept Phys
  • University of California at Berkeley
  • Max Planck Inst Nucl Phys, Max Planck Society
  • Technische Universität Kaiserslautern


STIRAP (stimulated Raman adiabatic passage) is a powerful laser-based method, usually involving two photons, for efficient and selective transfer of populations between quantum states. A particularly interesting feature is the fact that the coupling between the initial and the final quantum states is via an intermediate state, even though the lifetime of the latter can be much shorter than the interaction time with the laser radiation. Nevertheless, spontaneous emission from the intermediate state is prevented by quantum interference. Maintaining the coherence between the initial and final state throughout the transfer process is crucial. STIRAP was initially developed with applications in chemical dynamics in mind. That is why the original paper of 1990 was published in The Journal of Chemical Physics. However, from about the year 2000, the unique capabilities of STIRAP and its robustness with respect to small variations in some experimental parameters stimulated many researchers to apply the scheme to a variety of other fields of physics. The successes of these efforts are documented in this collection of articles. In Part A the experimental success of STIRAP in manipulating or controlling molecules, photons, ions or even quantum systems in a solid-state environment is documented. After a brief introduction to the basic physics of STIRAP, the central role of the method in the formation of ultracold molecules is discussed, followed by a presentation of how precision experiments (measurement of the upper limit of the electric dipole moment of the electron or detecting the consequences of parity violation in chiral molecules) or chemical dynamics studies at ultralow temperatures benefit from STIRAP. Next comes the STIRAP-based control of photons in cavities followed by a group of three contributions which highlight the potential of the STIRAP concept in classical physics by presenting data on the transfer of waves (photonic, magnonic and phononic) between respective waveguides. The works on ions or ion strings discuss options for applications, e.g. in quantum information. Finally, the success of STIRAP in the controlled manipulation of quantum states in solid-state systems, which are usually hostile towards coherent processes, is presented, dealing with data storage in rare-earth ion doped crystals and in nitrogen vacancy (NV) centers or even in superconducting quantum circuits. The works on ions and those involving solid-state systems emphasize the relevance of the results for quantum information protocols. Part B deals with theoretical work, including further concepts relevant to quantum information or invoking STIRAP for the manipulation of matter waves. The subsequent articles discuss the experiments underway to demonstrate the potential of STIRAP for populating otherwise inaccessible high-lying Rydberg states of molecules, or controlling and cooling the translational motion of particles in a molecular beam or the polarization of angular-momentum states. The series of articles concludes with a more speculative application of STIRAP in nuclear physics, which, if suitable radiation fields become available, could lead to spectacular results.


Original languageEnglish
Article number202001
Number of pages55
JournalJournal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 28 Oct 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • stimulated Raman adiabatic passage (STIRAP), ultracold molecules, parity violation, spin waves, acoustic waves, molecular Rydberg states, nuclear coherent population transfer, COHERENT POPULATION TRANSFER, ELECTROMAGNETICALLY INDUCED TRANSPARENCY, VIOLATING ENERGY DIFFERENCE, ADIABATIC PASSAGE, PARITY VIOLATION, FTIR SPECTROSCOPY, POLAR-MOLECULES, SINGLE PHOTONS, QUANTUM GAS, BROAD-BAND

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