Risk Analysis of Wind Farm Paired with Assets in Electricity and Gas Markets

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
91 Downloads (Pure)


The structure of the day-ahead electricity market obliges wind farm owners (WFOs) to make commitments hours before delivery. Due to the uncertainty of wind generation, WFOs bid in the electricity market with the prediction of its generation that, more often than not, is different from the actual generation. Therefore, WFOs experience deviations between their commitment to the electricity market and the actual generation, namely overproduction and underproduction, which are subject to penalties. This paper investigates solutions to decrease such deviation and increase the profit of the WFO. To this end, the joint planning and operation of electrical energy storage (EES) and power-to-gas (P2G) units to be paired with wind farms are evaluated while considering both the electricity and gas markets. Two case studies, with only EES and with both the EES and P2G units, are conducted to reveal the potential of the proposed approach, while risk analysis are performed to study the impact of different risk criteria on the decisions of WFO. This problem is formulated as an MINLP and then recast into MILP to obtain global solutions. Results offer the best strategies for WFOs to enhance their profit under the existing uncertain conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2021 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Europe (ISGT-Europe)
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-6654-4875-8
ISBN (Print)978-1-6654-4876-5
Publication statusPublished - 2021
MoE publication typeA4 Conference publication
EventIEEE PES Europe Conference on Innovative Smart Grid Technologies - Aalto University, Espoo, Finland
Duration: 18 Oct 202121 Oct 2021


ConferenceIEEE PES Europe Conference on Innovative Smart Grid Technologies
Abbreviated titleISGT-Europe
Internet address


Dive into the research topics of 'Risk Analysis of Wind Farm Paired with Assets in Electricity and Gas Markets'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this