Risk allocation in service triads: the case of Dutch and Finnish home care procurement

Niels Uenk, Suvituulia Taponen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


We compare how Finland and the Netherlands organize home care services, both in legislation and in procurement practices, from a service triad risk perspective. We find Finnish public bodies rely to a great extent on inhouse provision and hybrid outsourcing. Dutch public bodies rely completely on outsourcing, using framework agreements with many care providers in parallel. Incentives used in contracts affect financial and service quality risks assumed by buyers, suppliers, and end-customers in the triad. This research improves our understanding of risk allocation among the actors in the service triad based on buyer decisions on outsourcing and supply market conditions. The risk profiles for all three actors in the home care service triad are affected by the manner in which public bodies outsource home care services: the purchasing practices. The delivery method (whether public and private or all private) and the number of providers impact the information position of the municipality versus the care provider in the triad.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100647
JournalJournal of Purchasing and Supply Management
Issue number4
Early online date2 Aug 2020
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Home care
  • country comparison
  • public procurement
  • service triads
  • risk
  • risk allocation


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