Micro and nanofibrillated cellulose in aqueous suspension presents many challenges when considering its use, for example, in forming nanocomposites. The inclusion of filler particles either as extender or as functional additive allows the range of strength and deformation properties to be extended. These properties, however, are linked in many cases to the rheological properties of the raw material mix. Interactions under dynamic shear or under controlled stress at low amplitude reveal the potential to generate functional interactions, not only between the cellulose components themselves but also between the cellulose and polymer additives, as well as surface modified pigment fillers. Examples are given demonstrating the action of adding cellulosic polymer in the form of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) to micro and nanofibrillated cellulose (MNFC). Rheological studies show how these combinations with CMC, added either in free form or preadsorbed onto calcium carbonate filler particles, lead to a variety of responses. Dispersability of the MNFC is increased by the use of free CMC polymer addition, and the usually expected flocculating action on added filler is seen not to occur. Alternatively, the preadsorbed CMC on the calcium carbonate pigment filler leads to an interaction between the fibrillar cellulose and the surface modified calcium carbonate pigment filler, to which incorporation of cationic polymer leads to a reduction of interaction, provided the addition level does not exceed the isoelectric point of the mix. The observations are viewed in the context of a combination of proposed physical contact dynamics in the form of disordered and ordered alignment.
Application: The present work confirms findings of others in respect to the influence of additives like polyelectrolytes and pigment particles on MNFC suspension rheology. However, previously unreported effects are described for polyelectrolyte treated pigment particles, indicating an increased interaction with MNFC to the advantage of future products, such as fibrillar-based nanocomposites.
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2016|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|