Review of light-induced degradation in crystalline silicon solar cells

Jeanette Lindroos*, Hele Savin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview Articlepeer-review

146 Citations (Scopus)


Although several advances have been made in the characterization and the mitigation of light-induced degradation (LID), industrial silicon solar cells still suffer from different types of light-induced efficiency losses. This review compiles four decades of LID results in both electronic- and solar-grade crystalline silicon. The review focuses on the properties and the defect models of boron-oxygen LID and copper-related LID. Current techniques for LID mitigation are presented in order to reduce cell degradation and separate copper-related LID from boron-oxygen LID. Finally, the review summarizes recent observations of severe LID in modern multicrystalline silicon solar cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-126
Number of pages12
JournalSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2016
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal


  • Boron
  • Copper
  • Degradation
  • Oxygen
  • Silicon
  • Solar cell


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