Reversible protonation of amine-functionalized luminescent Au-Cu clusters: characterization, photophysical and theoretical studies

Igor O. Koshevoy*, Antti J. Karttunen, Sergey P. Tunik, Janne Janis, Matti Haukka, Alexei S. Melnikov, Pavel Yu. Serdobintsev, Tapani A. Pakkanen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Reaction of the polymeric alkynyl complexes (AuC(2)C(6)H(4)R)(n) (R = 4-NH(2) and 3-NH(2)) with the diphosphine PPh(2)C(6)H(4)PPh(2) in the presence of Cu(+) ions gave two novel heterometallic aggregates [{Au(3)Cu(2)(C(2)C(6)H(4)R)(6)}Au(3)(PPh(2)C(6)H(4)PPh(2))(3)](PF(6))(2) (R = 4-NH(2) (2), 3-NH(2) (3)). The compounds obtained were characterized by NMR spectroscopy and ESI-MS measurements. The solid-state structure of their 4-NMe(2) congener 1 is reported. The complexes 1-3 reversibly react with strong (HSO(3)Me and HSO(3)CF(3)) acids to give the adducts [{Au(3)Cu(2)(C(2)C(6)H(4)-R)(6)*(R'SO(3)H)(6)}Au(3)(PPh(2)C(6)H(4)PPh(2))(3)](PF(6))(2) (R = 4-NMe(2) (4), 4-NH(2) (5), 3-NH(2) (6)) with six acid molecules bound to the amine groups of the alkynyl ligands. Composition and structure of the adducts were established using ESI-MS and multinuclear ((31)P, (1)H and (1)H-(1)H COSY) NMR spectroscopy. It was found that formation of these adducts results in crucial changes of luminescence characteristics of the complexes 1-3 to give substantial (ca. 100 nm) blue shift of the emission maxima and a sharp increase (about an order of magnitude) in luminescence quantum yield for 4-NR(2) substituted derivatives. In the case of 3-substituted complex 3 the effect of adduct formation is much less pronounced and leads to blue-shift of emission maximum for 30 nm accompanied with a small drop in emission quantum yield. Computational studies have been performed to provide additional insight into the structural, electronic and photophysical properties of the starting complexes and their acid adducts. Interpretation of the photophysical effects induced by the adduct formation was suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2676-2683
Number of pages8
JournalDalton Transactions
Volume39
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • APPROXIMATE COULOMB POTENTIALS
  • LIGHT-EMITTING-DIODES
  • AUXILIARY BASIS-SETS
  • I COMPLEXES
  • ENERGY
  • STATE
  • COORDINATION
  • DERIVATIVES
  • LIGAND
  • SITES

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