in order to deliver contrasting context to the Nordic focus countries.
In this work, the bioeconomy is conceptualised as an economy where the basic building blocks for materials, chemicals and energy are derived from renewable biological resources, such as plant and
animal biomass. The essence of the circular economy, that is used here, lies in maximisation of added value and in making the best use of any extracted raw material.
This analysis shows that to date discussions and activities related to the promotion of bioeconomy and circular economy have largely been separate efforts, but there are signs that the discussions may converge. It finds that while the form of developments are similar in Finland and in Sweden in the case areas (i.e. textiles, wood construction and biorefineries), there are also clear differences in the strengths of the countries. Evidence is found that such strengths offer potential to develop world leadership in a circular bioeconomy. The report identifies policy recommendations to support renewal of manufacturing in the wood based industries towards a sustainable circular bioeconomy.
|Place of Publication||Juvenes Print, Helsinki|
|Number of pages||126|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|
|MoE publication type||D4 Published development or research report or study|
|Name||Suomen ympäristökeskuksen raportteja|
- circular economy
- timber construction
- natural resources
- sustainable use
- direction methods
- environmental policy
- The Netherlands