RelaWorld: Neuroadaptive and immersive virtual reality meditation system

Ilkka Kosunen, Mikko Salminen, Simo Järvelä, Antti Ruonala, Niklas Ravaja, Giulio Jacucci

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)


Meditation in general and mindfulness in particular have been shown to be useful techniques in the treatment of a plethora of ailments, yet they can be challenging for novices. We present RelaWorld: a neuroadaptive virtual reality meditation system that combines virtual reality with neurofeedback to provide a tool that is easy for novices to use yet provides added value even for experienced meditators. Using a head-mounted display, users can levitate in a virtual world by doing meditation exercises. The system measures users' brain activity in real time via EEG and calculates estimates for the level of concentration and relaxation. These values are then mapped into the virtual reality. In a user study of 43 subjects, we were able to show that the RelaWorld system elicits deeper relaxation, feeling of presence and a deeper level of meditation when compared to a similar setup without head-mounted display or neurofeedback.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces, Proceedings IUI
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9781450341370, 9781450341400
Publication statusPublished - 7 Mar 2016
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces - Sonoma, United States
Duration: 7 Mar 201610 Mar 2016
Conference number: 21


ConferenceInternational Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces
Abbreviated titleIUI
CountryUnited States


  • Meditation
  • Mindfulness
  • Neurofeedback
  • Virtual Reality

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