Refugee debate and networked framing in the hybrid media environment

Reeta Pöyhtäri*, Matti Nelimarkka, Kaarina Nikunen, Markus Ojala, Mervi Pantti, Juho Pääkkönen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)
118 Downloads (Pure)


In this article, we analyse how the debate on the ‘refugee crisis’ has been constructed in Finnish news media and social media by using big data analytics. The study applies big data with the aim of exploring the dynamics between the mainstream news media and social media and the ways in which these dynamics shape and strategically amplify different understandings of the refugee crisis. The research highlights over-emphasis of crime and threat-oriented themes on refugee issues in social media, as well as illuminates the distinct role of social media platforms in shaping debates through user practices of hyperlink sharing and networked framing. Together these findings suggest that the hybrid media environment provides a possible arena for polarization of the refugee debate that could also be used for political ends.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-102
Number of pages22
Issue number1
Early online date1 Jan 2019
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Big data analytics
  • hyperlink analysis
  • networked framing
  • news media
  • polarization
  • social media
  • topic modelling
  • ‘Refugee crisis’


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