Recovery of High-Purity MnO2 from the Acid Leaching Solution of Spent Li-Ion Batteries

Chao Peng, Cong Chang, Zulin Wang, Benjamin P. Wilson, Fupeng Liu, Mari Lundström

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Hydrometallurgical recycling processes for spent Li-ion batteries (LIBs) often produce pregnant leach solutions (PLS) that contain metals like Co, Ni, Mn, Li, Al, etc. Although significant research has focused on the recovery of the most valuable materials (e.g., Co, Ni, Li), the reclamation of Mn from PLS is often neglected. In this study, recovery of Mn via a multi-step process based on solvent extraction with di-2-ethylhexyl phosphoric acid, scrubbing, stripping and oxidative Mn precipitation has been undertaken. The results demonstrate that more than 99% of Mn can be successfully recovered as a high-purity MnO2 product (purity > 99.5%) with almost no loss of Co, Ni and Li. In addition, the behavior of other metal elements present in the PLS were also studied in detail. Overall, this study investigates the fundamentals of Mn recovery from the complicated PLS of LIBs waste and outlines industrial process feasibility based on known unit process steps.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)790-799
Issue number2
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 23 Sep 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Circular economy of metals
  • Battery Recycling
  • Sustainability

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    BATCIRCLE: Finland-based Circular Ecosystem of Battery Metals

    Lundström, M., Peng, C., Chernyaev, A., Kalliomäki, T., Liu, F., Porvali, A., Wilson, B., Khalid, M. K., Hu, F., Shukla, S., Wang, Z., Revitzer, H., Rinne, M., Seisko, S., Partinen, J., Aromaa, J., Helin, S., Forde, G. & Zou, Y.


    Project: Business Finland: Other research funding

    CMEco: Circular Metal Ecosystem

    Aji, A., Kalliomäki, T., Seisko, S., Leikola, M., Jafari, S., Peng, C., Agarwal, V., Elomaa, H., Hamuyuni, J., Khalid, M. K., Lundström, M., Halli, P., Sinisalo, P., Wilson, B., Revitzer, H., Partinen, J. & Wang, Z.


    Project: Business Finland: Other research funding


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