Recovery and separation of gallium(III) and germanium(IV) from zinc refinery residues: Part I: Leaching and iron(III) removal

Fupeng Liu, Zhihong Liu, Yuhu Li, Benjamin Wilson, Mari Lundström

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this research, gallium and germanium were separated and recovered from zinc refinery residues by a two-stage leaching. In the first leaching stage with sulfuric acid media, 92% of zinc and 94% of copper were leached resulting in significant gallium and germanium enrichment up to ca. 300%. In the second leaching stage with oxalic acid media, the effects of H2C2O4 concentration, leaching time, liquid-to-solid (L/S) ratio and temperature on the recovery of gallium and germanium were investigated. More than 96% of gallium and 99% of germanium were leached out using 70 g/L H2C2O4 with a L/S ratio of 10 at 90 °C for 2 h. The removal of iron in the H2C2O4 leach solution was carried out using an ultrasound-assisted ferrous iron precipitation method in which > 96% of Fe(III) was removed in the form of FeC2O4·2H2O with minor losses of Ga(III) and Ge(IV) (1.4% and 1.3%). The results indicated that high recoveries of gallium and germanium from the zinc refinery residues could be achieved with two-stage leaching method.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)564–570
JournalHydrometallurgy
Volume169
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Zinc refinery residue
  • Gallium
  • Germanium
  • Oxalic acid leaching
  • Iron removal

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Recovery and separation of gallium(III) and germanium(IV) from zinc refinery residues: Part I: Leaching and iron(III) removal'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Equipment

  • Cite this