Reactive blending approach to modify spin-coated epoxy film: Part II. Crosslinking kinetics

Markus P.K. Turunen*, T. Laurila, J.K. Kivilahti

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)


    Kinetics of the reactive blending of epoxy with a four-armed ε-caprolactone-based carboxylic acid end-functionalized oligomer was analyzed with a model-free approach. The employment of a dual catalyst system ensured high density of crosslinking in the blends and minimized phase separation even when comparatively high concentration of the oligomer was incorporated. The two reactions were examined separately before analysis of the dual-catalyzed system. The apparent activation energy of the single-catalyzed reactions could be seen to fall into three regimes. It is proposed that regime I is due to reaction control, the middle part (II) to mass transport, and the high conversion tail (III) to structural control. The results of a thermal analysis carried out on the crosslinked samples corresponded well with the findings of the kinetic analysis. The combined kinetic and thermal results can be used in optimization of the crosslinking process.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3689-3696
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Sept 2006
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Activation energy
    • Blends
    • Crosslinking
    • Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)
    • Thermosets


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