Raw Materials for Li-ion and Redox Flow Batteries

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractScientific


Research units


Fast, even exponential growth of electric vehicle (EV) market has been forecasted, and rapid expansion of lithium-ion battery production capacity is underway. However, there are some concerns about availability of raw materials, especially lithium and cobalt to support this rapid electrification of the road transport. We have compared the availability of these raw materials to market forecasts by EV and lithium battery industries, and addressed the possibilities of mitigating the supply risks by recycling or choice of cathode chemistries with reduced or zero cobalt content. Finally, we have addressed the resource availability for redox flow batteries to supplement Li-ion batteries in the stationary market.


Original languageEnglish
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
EventNordic Battery Conference - Kokkola, Finland
Duration: 1 Nov 20173 Nov 2017
Conference number: 3


ConferenceNordic Battery Conference
Abbreviated titleNORDBATT

ID: 32485802