Rate-selected growth of ultrapure semiconducting carbon nanotube arrays

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


  • Zhenxing Zhu
  • Nan Wei

  • Weijun Cheng
  • Boyuan Shen
  • Silei Sun
  • Jun Gao
  • Qian Wen
  • Rufan Zhang
  • Jun Xu
  • Yao Wang
  • Fei Wei

Research units

  • Tsinghua University


Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are promising candidates for smart electronic devices. However, it is challenging to mediate their bandgap or chirality from a vapor-liquid-solid growth process. Here, we demonstrate rate-selected semiconducting CNT arrays based on interlocking between the atomic assembly rate and bandgap of CNTs. Rate analysis confirms the Schulz-Flory distribution which leads to various decay rates as length increases in metallic and semiconducting CNTs. Quantitatively, a nearly ten-fold faster decay rate of metallic CNTs leads to a spontaneous purification of the predicted 99.9999% semiconducting CNTs at a length of 154 mm, and the longest CNT can be 650 mm through an optimized reactor. Transistors fabricated on them deliver a high current of 14 μA μm-1 with on/off ratio around 108 and mobility over 4000 cm2 V-1 s-1. Our rate-selected strategy offers more freedom to control the CNT purity in-situ and offers a robust methodology to synthesize perfectly assembled nanotubes over a long scale.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
JournalNature Communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2 Oct 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Download statistics

No data available

ID: 37819317