Quasi-BIC mode lasing in a quadrumer plasmonic lattice

Rebecca Heilmann, Grazia Salerno, Javier Cuerda, Tommi K. Hakala, Päivi Törmä*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)
149 Downloads (Pure)


Plasmonic lattices of metal nanoparticles have emerged as an effective platform for strong light–matter coupling, lasing, and Bose–Einstein condensation. However, the full potential of complex unit cell structures has not been exploited. On the other hand, bound states in continuum (BICs) have attracted attention, as they provide topologically protected optical modes with diverging quality factors. Here, we show that quadrumer nanoparticle lattices enable lasing in a quasi-BIC mode with a highly out-of-plane character. By combining theory with polarization-resolved measurements of the emission, we show that the lasing mode has a topological charge. Our analysis reveals that the mode is primarily polarized out-of-plane as a result of the quadrumer structure. The quality factors of the out-of-plane BIC modes of the quadrumer array can be exceedingly high. Our results unveil the power of complex multiparticle unit cells in creating topologically protected high-Q modes in periodic nanostructures.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)224-232
JournalACS Photonics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jan 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • plasmonics
  • nanophotonics
  • surface plasmon resonance
  • bound-state-in-continuum
  • lasing


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