Quantum confined electronic states in atomically well-defined graphene nanostructures

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


  • Sampsa Hämäläinen
  • Z. Sun
  • M.P. Boneschanscher
  • Christer Uppstu
  • M. Ijäs
  • A. Harju
  • D. Vanmaekelbergh
  • Peter Liljeroth

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Despite the enormous interest in the properties of graphene and the potential of graphene nanostructures in electronic applications, the study of quantum-confined states in atomically well-defined graphene nanostructures remains an experimental challenge. Here, we study graphene quantum dots (GQDs) with well-defined edges in the zigzag direction, grown by chemical vapor deposition on an Ir(111) substrate by low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy. We measure the atomic structure and local density of states of individual GQDs as a function of their size and shape in the range from a couple of nanometers up to ca. 20 nm. The results can be quantitatively modeled by a relativistic wave equation and atomistic tight-binding calculations. The observed states are analogous to the solutions of the textbook “particle-in-a-box” problem applied to relativistic massless fermions.


Original languageEnglish
Article number236803
Pages (from-to)1-5
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • graphene, quantum dot, scanning tunneling microscopy

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