PV Module Energy Rating Standard IEC 61853-3 Intercomparison and Best Practice Guidelines for Implementation and Validation

Malte Ruben Vogt, Stefan Riechelmann, Ana Maria Gracia-Amillo, Anton Driesse, Alexander Kokka, Kinza Maham, Petri Karha, Robert Kenny, Carsten Schinke, Karsten Bothe, James Blakesley, Esma Music, Fabian Plag, Gabi Friesen, Gianluca Corbellini, Nicholas Riedel-Lyngskar, Roland Valckenborg, Markus Schweiger, Werner Herrmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The IEC 61853 standard series aims to provide a standardized measure for photovoltaic (PV) module energy rating, namely the Climate Specific Energy Rating (CSER). For this purpose, it defines procedures for the experimental determination of input data and algorithms for calculating the CSER. However, some steps leave room for interpretation regarding the specific implementation. To analyze the impact of these ambiguities, the comparability of results, and the clarity of the algorithm for calculating the CSER in Part 3 of the standard, an intercomparison is performed among research organizations with ten different implementations of the algorithm. We share the same input data, obtained by measurement of a commercial crystalline silicon PV module, among the participating organizations. Each participant then uses their individual implementations of the algorithm to calculate the resulting CSER values. The initial blind comparison reveals differences of 0.133 (14.7%) in CSER. After several comparison phases, a best practice approach is defined, which reduces the difference by a factor of 210 to below 0.001 (0.1%) in CSER for two independent PV modules. The best practice presented in this article establishes clear guidelines for the numerical treatment of the spectral correction and power matrix extrapolation, where the methods in the standard are not clearly defined. Additionally, we provide input data and results for the PV community to test their implementations of the standard's algorithm. To identify the source of the deviations, we introduce a climate data diagnostic set. Based on our experiences, we give recommendations for the future development of the standard.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)844-852
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Journal of Photovoltaics
Issue number3
Early online date9 Mar 2022
Publication statusPublished - May 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Energy performance
  • energy rating
  • energy yield
  • IEC Standards
  • Mathematical models
  • Meteorology
  • photovoltaic (PV) module
  • Photovoltaic systems
  • Power measurement
  • Standards
  • Temperature measurement


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