Pt-grown carbon nanofibers for detection of hydrogen peroxide

Noora Isoaho, Sami Sainio, Niklas Wester, Luis Botello, Leena Sisko Johansson, Emilia Peltola, Victor Climent, Juan M. Feliu, Jari Koskinen, Tomi Laurila*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
130 Downloads (Pure)


Removal of left-over catalyst particles from carbon nanomaterials is a significant scientific and technological problem. Here, we present the physical and electrochemical study of application-specific carbon nanofibers grown from Pt-catalyst layers. The use of Pt catalyst removes the requirement for any cleaning procedure as the remaining catalyst particles have a specific role in the end-application. Despite the relatively small amount of Pt in the samples (7.0 ± 0.2%), they show electrochemical features closely resembling those of polycrystalline Pt. In O2-containing environment, the material shows two separate linear ranges for hydrogen peroxide reduction: 1-100 μM and 100-1000 μM with sensitivities of 0.432 μA μM-1 cm-2 and 0.257 μA μM-1 cm-2, respectively, with a 0.21 μM limit of detection. In deaerated solution, there is only one linear range with sensitivity 0.244 μA μM-1 cm-2 and 0.22 μM limit of detection. We suggest that the high sensitivity between 1 μM and 100 μM in solutions where O2 is present is due to oxygen reduction reaction occurring on the CNFs producing a small additional cathodic contribution to the measured current. This has important implications when Pt-containing sensors are utilized to detect hydrogen peroxide reduction in biological, O2-containing environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12742-12751
Number of pages10
JournalRSC Advances
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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