Promoting users’ smartphone avoidance intention: the role of health beliefs

Haiping Zhao, Shengli Deng*, Yong Liu, Sudi Xia, Eric Tze Kuan Lim, Chee Wee Tan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Purpose: Drawing on the Health Belief Model (HBM), this study aims to investigate the roles of health beliefs (i.e. perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, health self-efficacy and cues to action) in promoting college students’ smartphone avoidance intention. Design/methodology/approach: Empirical data were collected through a cross-sectional survey questionnaire administered to 4,670 student smartphone users at a large university located in Central China. Further, a two-step Structural Equation Modeling was conducted using AMOS 22.0 software to test the hypothesized relationships in the research model. Findings: Analytical results indicate that (1) perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits and health self-efficacy positively influence users’ smartphone avoidance intention; (2) perceived barriers negatively influence smartphone avoidance intention, while (3) cues to action reinforce the relationships between perceived susceptibility/perceived benefits and smartphone avoidance intention, but attenuate the relationships between perceived barriers/health self-efficacy and smartphone avoidance intention. Research limitations/implications: This study demonstrates that HBM is invaluable in explaining and promoting users’ smartphone avoidance intention, thereby extending extant literature on both HBM and smartphone avoidance. Originality/value: Research on smartphone avoidance is still in a nascent stage. This study contributes to the field by offering a fresh theoretical lens for pursuing this line of inquiry together with robust empirical evidence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)963-982
Number of pages20
JournalIndustrial Management and Data Systems
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 12 Apr 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • College students
  • Health belief model
  • Health beliefs
  • Problematic smartphone use
  • Smartphone avoidance


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