Marika Latvala, Vishal Singh

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionProfessional


In the construction business a number of trends associated with digitalization, collaboration models, and lean theories are beginning to emerge, opening new opportunities. While there is a need to develop the whole industry, most companies seem to have lot to do just to get their business going. Following the same trends, there is need to be more effective in communal development projects as well.
Communal development projects are those projects that aim to bring about a communal/collective change, and a non-profit organization or industry association may be driving such projects. This paper is part of a larger study that aims to understand who should be part of the communal development projects to make them more effective, and what kind of support structures are needed for making the change happen. Based on earlier findings in this research, the participants in these projects and related workshops were classified into five types: 1) Opinionated speakers, 2)
Emphatic leaders, 3) Active respondents, 4) Passive respondents and 5) Listeners.
Therefore, this paper aims to identify the desirable combination of participant types that would make the workshops more effective, and results more useful for the participants. Analysis of collected data suggests that to be effective there is need for emphatic leaders who give other participants possibilities to tell their opinion and ideas, but also make sure that the work gets done. If there is an opinionated speaker who fills the room, there is need for a strong emphatic leader. There is also the need for one or more active respondents so that there can be balanced discussions, effective working, and results based on consensus.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWorking papers series, Engineering Project Organization Conference
EditorsAshwin Mahalingam, Tripp Shealy, Nuno Gil
Number of pages20
Publication statusPublished - 2017
MoE publication typeD3 Professional conference proceedings
EventEngineering Project Organization Conference - Lake Tahoe, United States
Duration: 5 Jun 20177 Jun 2017
Conference number: 15


ConferenceEngineering Project Organization Conference
Abbreviated titleEPOC
CountryUnited States
CityLake Tahoe
Internet address


  • organizational practices
  • Teamwork
  • participatory design
  • participation
  • workshop
  • research activities

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