Production of poplar xyloglucan endotransglycosylase using the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris

M Bollok, H Henriksson, A Kallas, M Jahic, TT Teeri, SO Enfors*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The gene XET16A encoding the enzyme xyloglucan endotransglycosylase (XET) from hybrid aspen (Populus tremula x tremuloides Mich) was transformed into Pichia pastoris GS115 and the enzyme was secreted to the medium. The influence of process conditions on the XET production, activity, and proteolytic degradation were examined. Inactivation of XET occurred in the foam, but could be decreased significantly by using an efficient antifoam. Rich medium (yeast extract plus peptone) was needed for product accumulation, but not for growth. The proteolytic degradation of the enzyme in the medium was substantially decreased by also adding yeast extract and peptone to the glycerol medium before induction with methanol. Decreasing the fermentation pH from 5.0 to 4.0 further reduced the proteolysis. The specific activity was further improved by production at 15 degrees C instead of 22 degrees C. In this way a XET production of 54 mg/L active enzyme could be achieved in the process with a specific activity of 18 Unit/mg protein after a downstream process including centrifugation, micro- and ultrafiltration, and ion exchange chromatography.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-77
Number of pages17
JournalApplied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Volume126
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2005
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Pichia pastoris
  • xyloglucan endotransglycosylase
  • foaming
  • proteolysis
  • FERMENTATION PROCESS
  • ARABIDOPSIS TCH4
  • FUSION PROTEIN
  • CELL-WALLS
  • EXPRESSION
  • PURIFICATION
  • ACTIVATION
  • INCREASES
  • SECRETION
  • CELLULOSE

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