Processes and properties of thermally modified wood manufactured in Europe

H. Militz, M. Altgen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


Several processes to thermally modify wood have been commercialised in Europe in the past decades. Due to the high temperatures, 180 - 220 °C, used in most processes, the chemical structure of the wood components are greatly changed. Heat treated lumber has altered biological and physical properties. The wood is more resistant against basidiomycetes and soft rot fungi, and has a lower equilibrium moisture content and fibre saturation point. Consequently, the dimensional stability is improved. Because of the increased brittleness of the wood, some strength properties are greatly decreased. Due to the enhanced durability, dimensional stability, and good appearance, thermally-treated wood is currently used in Europe in many indoor and outdoor applications.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDeterioration and Protection of Sustainable Biomaterials
Number of pages17
ISBN (Print)9780841230040
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2014
MoE publication typeA3 Part of a book or another research book

Publication series

NameACS Symposium Series
ISSN (Print)00976156
ISSN (Electronic)19475918

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