Process-Structure-Properties-Performance Modeling for Selective Laser Melting

Tatu Pinomaa, Ivan Yashchuk, Matti Lindroos, Tom Andersson, Nikolas Provatas, Anssi Laukkanen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)
135 Downloads (Pure)


Selective laser melting (SLM) is a promising manufacturing technique where
the part design, from performance and properties process control and alloying, can be accelerated with integrated computational materials engineering (ICME). This paper demonstrates a process-structure-properties-performance modeling framework for SLM. For powder-bed scale melt pool modeling, we present a diffuse-interface multiphase computational fluid dynamics model which couples Navier–Stokes, Cahn–Hilliard, and heat-transfer equations. A computationally efficient large-scale heat-transfer model is used to describe the temperature evolution in larger volumes. Phase field modeling is used to demonstrate how epitaxial growth of Ti-6-4 can be interrupted with inoculants to obtain an equiaxed polycrystalline structure. These structures are enriched with a synthetic lath martensite substructure, and their micromechanical response are investigated with a crystal plasticity model. The fatigue performance of these structures are analyzed, with spherical porelike defects and high-aspect-ratio cracklike defects incorporated, and a cycle-amplitude fatigue graph is produced to quantify the fatigue behavior of the structures. The simulated fatigue life presents trends consistent with the literature in terms of high cycle and low cycle fatigue, and the role of defects in dominating the respective performance of the produced SLM structures. The proposed
ICME workflow emphasizes the possibilities arising from the vast design space exploitable with respect to manufacturing systems, powders, respective alloy chemistries, and microstructures. By digitalizing the whole workflow and enabling a thorough and detailed virtual evaluation of the causal relationships, the promise of product-targeted materials and solutions for metal additive
manufacturing becomes closer to practical engineering application.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1138
Pages (from-to)1-18
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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