Probing the Innermost Regions of AGN Jets and Their Magnetic Fields with RadioAstron. III. Blazar S5 0716+71 at Microarcsecond Resolution

E. V. Kravchenko, J. L. Gómez, Y. Y. Kovalev, A. P. Lobanov, Tuomas Savolainen, G. Bruni, A. Fuentes, J. M. Anderson, S. G. Jorstad, A. P. Marscher, Merja Tornikoski, Anne Lähteenmäki, M. M. Lisakov

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Abstract

We present RadioAstron Space VLBI imaging observations of the BL Lac object S5 0716+71 made on 2015 January 3–4 at a frequency of 22 GHz (wavelength λ = 1.3 cm). The observations were made in the framework of the AGN Polarization Key Science Program. The source was detected on projected space–ground baselines up to 70,833 km (5.6 Earth diameters) for both parallel-hand and cross-hand interferometric visibilities. We have used these detections to obtain a full-polarimetric image of the blazar at an unprecedented angular resolution of 24 μas, the highest for this source to date. This enabled us to estimate the size of the radio core to be 2.2 × 1013 K for the blazar core. This implies that the inverse-Compton limit must be violated in the rest frame of the source, even for the largest Doppler factor δ ∼ 25 reported for 0716+714.
Original languageEnglish
Article number68
Number of pages12
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Volume893
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Apr 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • interferometry
  • active galactic nuclei
  • BL Lacertae objects
  • blazars
  • jets
  • relativistic jets

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