Privacy-Preserving Data Processing with Flexible Access Control

Wenxiu Ding, Zheng Yan, Robert Deng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cloud computing provides an efficient and convenient platform for cloud users to store, process and control their data. Cloud overcomes the bottlenecks of resource-constrained user devices and greatly releases their storage and computing burdens. However, due to the lack of full trust in cloud service providers, the cloud users generally prefer to outsource their sensitive data in an encrypted form, which, however, seriously complicates data processing, analysis, as well as access control. Homomorphic encryption (HE) as a single key system cannot flexibly control data sharing and access after encrypted data processing. How to realize various computations over encrypted data in an efficient way and at the same time flexibly control the access to data processing results has been an important challenging issue. In this paper, we propose a privacy-preserving data processing scheme with flexible access control. With the cooperation of a data service provider (DSP) and a computation party (CP), our scheme, based on Paillier's partial homomorphic encryption (PHE), realizes seven basic operations, i.e., Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication, Sign Acquisition, Absolute, Comparison, and Equality Test, over outsourced encrypted data. In addition, our scheme, based on the homomorphism of attribute-based encryption (ABE), is also designed to support flexible access control over processing results of encrypted data. We further prove the security of our scheme and demonstrate its efficiency and advantages through simulations and comparisons with existing work.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Access control
  • Attribute-Based Encryption
  • Cloud computing
  • Computational efficiency
  • Data processing
  • Data Sharing
  • Encryption
  • Homomorphic Encryption
  • Privacy Preservation
  • Process control

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