Principal metabolic flux mode analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2409-2417
JournalBioinformatics
Volume34
Issue number14
StatePublished - 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Researchers

Research units

  • VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
  • Indian Institute of Technology

Abstract

Motivation

In the analysis of metabolism, two distinct and complementary approaches are frequently used: Principal component analysis (PCA) and stoichiometric flux analysis. PCA is able to capture the main modes of variability in a set of experiments and does not make many prior assumptions about the data, but does not inherently take into account the flux mode structure of metabolism. Stoichiometric flux analysis methods, such as Flux Balance Analysis (FBA) and Elementary Mode Analysis, on the other hand, are able to capture the metabolic flux modes, however, they are primarily designed for the analysis of single samples at a time, and not best suited for exploratory analysis on a large sets of samples.

Results

We propose a new methodology for the analysis of metabolism, called Principal Metabolic Flux Mode Analysis (PMFA), which marries the PCA and stoichiometric flux analysis approaches in an elegant regularized optimization framework. In short, the method incorporates a variance maximization objective form PCA coupled with a stoichiometric regularizer, which penalizes projections that are far from any flux modes of the network. For interpretability, we also introduce a sparse variant of PMFA that favours flux modes that contain a small number of reactions. Our experiments demonstrate the versatility and capabilities of our methodology. The proposed method can be applied to genome-scale metabolic network in efficient way as PMFA does not enumerate elementary modes. In addition, the method is more robust on out-of-steady steady-state experimental data than competing flux mode analysis approaches.

Availability and implementation

Matlab software for PMFA and SPMFA and dataset used for experiments are available in https://github.com/aalto-ics-kepaco/PMFA.
Supplementary information

Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

ID: 29255386