A new synthesis of both epimeric forms of 26-cholestanoic acids and 26-alcohols containing a 3β-hydroxy-Δ5- or a Δ4-3-keto-functionality in ring A is described starting from stigmasterol or (20S)-3β-acetoxy-pregn-5-en-20-carboxylic acid. The obtained compounds are useful as standards for studies of cholic acids. Construction of the side chain was achieved by linkage of steroidal 23-iodides to sulfones prepared from (2R)- and (2S)-3-hydroxy-2-methylpropanoates. Oxidation of intermediate 26-alcohols into the corresponding carboxylic acids ensuring preservation of stereochemistry at C-25 and functional groups in the cyclic part was achieved with sodium chlorite catalyzed by TEMPO and bleach.
- Cholestenoic acids
- Cholic acids