Practitioners’ Perspectives on Inclusion and Civic Empowerment in Finnish Public Sector AI

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterScientific


Algorithmic decision-making and big data systems are increasingly being used to provide essential services in the public sector. Such services that utilize AI entail many related risks and responsibilities for citizens and public sector providers. In this empirical study, we examine practitioners’ attitudes, practices and challenges of implementing inclusive AI services in the public sector that can empower greater civic agency. We conducted in-depth interviews with ten practitioners responsible for managing, developing or designing AI-enabled public services across three big public organizations in Finland in domains relating to the municipality, taxes, and social insurance. The results show that the discussion on inclusion and civic empowerment is just in its beginning in the public sector. Practitioners perceive the concept of inclusion as devising accessible public services for all members of society. The research suggests two distinct socio-cultural constructs emerging among practitioners that may hinder how civic empowerment is manifested in such services: expert cultures and risk-averse cultures. The contributions of the study are twofold. First, we describe the practitioners’ perspectives on empowerment and inclusion in regard to public sector AI. Further, we recognize how expert and risk-averse cultures among practitioners explain their actions and restraints in devising public sector AI services.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 8 Nov 2023
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
EventAI Day - Aalto University, Espoo, Finland
Duration: 8 Nov 20238 Nov 2023


ConferenceAI Day
Internet address


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