Power loss segregation in electrical machines through calorimetry and inverse thermal modelling

Devi Geetha Nair*, Antero Arkkio, Ari Haavisto

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


This study combines calorimetric measurement of power loss of an induction motor with inverse thermal mapping of its temperatures to segregate the net power loss into its constituent components. Constrained least square fitting is the tool used to achieve the inverse mapping. The lumped thermal network of the motor serves as the forward thermal model, establishing the physical relationship between the motor's power losses and its resultant temperature rises. The objective of the iterative minimisation is to find the actual loss components that correspond to the temperatures measured, and which sum up to the total loss of the motor that is measured with a calorimeter. Data ranges and constraints are imposed to attain a reasonable, unique solution. Each loss component predicted by the inverse mapping inherently includes the contribution from stray load losses as it is fitted to the measured temperatures of the motor. Given the challenges, this inverse thermal routine achieves the loss segregation in a fairly good fashion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1127-1133
Number of pages7
JournalIET Electric Power Applications
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Calorimetry
  • Induction motors
  • Iterative methods
  • Losses
  • Temperature measurement


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