Copper is a common 3d transition metal impurity in silicon solar cells, which in its interstitial state causes light-induced degradation (LID) in crystalline silicon even without any boron or oxygen. Even though copper contamination increases the degradation rate, the activation energy in copper-contaminated silicon appears to be similar to the energy barrier required for boron-oxygen defect formation.
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
|MoE publication type||Not Eligible|
|Event||European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition - Amsterdam, Netherlands|
Duration: 22 Sep 2014 → 26 Sep 2014
Conference number: 29
|Conference||European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition|
|Period||22/09/2014 → 26/09/2014|