Positional Accuracy Validation of Digital Orthophoto Mapping: Case Bahir Dar City, Ethiopia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Research units

  • Bahir Dar University
  • Entoto Observatory and Research Center


This study used in-situ Global Positioning System (GPS) measurements to assess the accuracy of horizontal coordinates of the orthophoto map for Bahir Dar city. The GPS data was least-squares adjusted using the GAMIT/GLOBK and Leica GeoOffice (LGO) software packages. Local and regional GPS reference stations, including the continuously operating reference station of Bahir Dar University’s Institute of Land Administration, were included in the adjustment. Thus, horizontal coordinates at five checkpoints were obtained, which were used to assess the horizontal positional accuracy of these same points in the orthophoto map.

Point accuracies found for point locations read from the orthophoto map were inferred to be on the level ±0.15 m. This meets well the requirement of the Ethiopian Mapping Authority of ±0.30 m for maps on scale 1 : 2000, which are sufficient for cadastral and land-use planning use everywhere, also in urban areas, though not perhaps in dense city centres.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-17
Number of pages11
JournalNordic Journal of Surveying and Real Estate Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • Ethiopia, urban planning, orthophoto map, Global Positioning System6, positional accuracy, cadastre

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