P(L)AY ATTENTION! Co-designing for and with Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Gyöngyi Fekete, Andres Lucero

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


In recent years, children’s mental health problems, including Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), have been a growing phenomenon. However, there are limited examples of designing for and with children with ADHD. This work views conditions such as ADHD through the lens of neurodiversity as different cognitive styles, focusing on “coolabilities” and enhanced competences instead of disabilities. This paper explores how to engage children with ADHD in co-design activities. Taking the Diversity for Design (D4D) framework as a starting point, an adaptation of the framework for ADHD was first driven by theoretical considerations and three expert interviews, followed by an empirical
study consisting of three co-design workshops with four male participants (aged 7–10). Based on observations and audio recordings from the co-design workshops, a qualitative analysis was carried out. Our results show that when their needs, preferences, and individual desires are taken into account, children with ADHD can be meaningfully engaged in co-design activities. By offering an adapted version of the D4D framework tailored for ADHD, designers can structure the environment and provide scaffolds so that children with ADHD can become active participants in co-design workshops. This research informs the design community on how to engage and involve children with ADHD into the design process.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHuman-Computer Interaction – INTERACT 2019 - 17th IFIP TC 13 International Conference, Proceedings
EditorsDavid Lamas, Fernando Loizides, Lennart Nacke, Helen Petrie, Marco Winckler, Panayiotis Zaphiris
Number of pages19
Volume11746 LNCS
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-29381-9
Publication statusPublished - 2019
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventIFIP TC.13 International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction - Paphos, Cyprus
Duration: 2 Sep 20196 Sep 2019
Conference number: 17

Publication series

NameLecture notes in computer science
Volume11746 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


ConferenceIFIP TC.13 International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction
Abbreviated titleINTERACT
Internet address


  • Co-design
  • Children
  • ADHD
  • Diversity for Design
  • D4D

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