Planning policies for the driverless city using backcasting and the participatory Q-Methodology

Soledad Nogués, Esther González-González, Dominic Stead, Rubén Cordera*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Autonomous vehicles (AVs) can potentially bring about major changes in cities. Anticipatory planning approaches may provide valuable opportunities for fostering desirable transitions and pre-empting undesirable impacts. This research employs a combination of two methods to define the key policies to support a transition to the desirable driverless urban futures: the backcasting approach and the participatory Q-method. The combination of these techniques aims to identify different viewpoints about policies with the purpose of determining more effective and more acceptable options. The article analyses viewpoints from 20 citizens and 10 experts. The results point to the existence of two main viewpoints about the most and least desirable policies. The first viewpoint centres around increasing pedestrian mobility and promoting a more compact city. The second viewpoint centres around expanding transit-oriented development (TOD) and new networks of green spaces. Meanwhile, support for regulation-oriented policies to discourage the use of private motorised vehicles was relatively low. This research not only sheds light on the different viewpoints on the policies to achieve more desirable urban visions, it also illustrates the tensions and disagreements that may arise in the process of policy-making.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104535
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Autonomous vehicles
  • Backcasting
  • Policy packaging
  • Q-method
  • Urban planning


Dive into the research topics of 'Planning policies for the driverless city using backcasting and the participatory Q-Methodology'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this