Physical environment as a source for innovation: Investigating the attributes of innovative space

Kaisa Oksanen, Pirjo Ståhle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)


– The purpose of this paper is to investigate how physical spaces intersect with innovation and innovativeness, and what the most relevant attributes of physical space are for innovation. – The paper reflects the changing nature of innovation, from technological advancements to services and meaning changes, and argues that the development of innovative spaces similarly embodies a diverse set of values such as collaboration, openness, and sustainability. Using a literature review, interviews, and benchmarking data, the paper examines the relationship between physical environment and innovation. – The findings from both the literature review and the interviews underline innovation as a communicative and human-centred process. As a result five attributes of innovative space are presented: collaboration enabling, modifiability, smartness, attractiveness, and value reflecting. – The results provide perspectives to the challenge of how to support innovation creation by developing physical spaces. The paper adds to the conceptual development of innovative space and outlines physical space as an innovative service.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)815-827
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Knowledge Management
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 21 Oct 2013
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Creativity
  • Innovation
  • Innovation environment
  • Innovative space
  • Physical space


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