Photogrammetry for recording rock surface geometry and fracture characterization

Lauri Uotinen, Mateusz Janiszewski, Alireza Baghbanan, Enrique Caballero Hernandez, Jyrki Oraskari, Henri Munukka, Martyna Szydlowska, Mikael Rinne

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
391 Downloads (Pure)


Rock surface geometry and rock fractures are important initial data for rock engineering and mining projects. Traditionally the field data has been obtained manually with hand-held tools to perform point-like measurements. Photogrammetry-based methods of acquiring geometry over large areas became a useful tool in characterization of rock surfaces over the last few decades mostly due to developments with UAV based and GPU accelerated photogrammetry. In this paper, we describe the usage of photogrammetry applied to recording of rock surface geometry and fracture characterization. The method is used to produce the required initial data for rockfall analysis, to measure the roughness of rock joints, and to create virtual training environments to practice rock mass characterization. The rockfall analysis was tested using a 122 m long rock cut. The roughness measurements were tested on a 2 m long rock sample and compared to manual measurements. The virtual learning environment was tested with 20 students and 10 staff members. The presented method performed successfully in each case. The method improves accessibility, speeds up and reduces subjectivity of rock mass characterization.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 14th International Congress on Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering (ISRM 2019), Foz do Iguassu, Brazil, 13-18 September 2019
Subtitle of host publicationRock Mechanics for Natural Resources and Infrastructure Development - Full Papers
EditorsSergio A. B. da Fontoura, Ricardo José Rocca, José Félix Pavón Mendoza
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-367-82317-7
ISBN (Print)978-0-367-42284-4
Publication statusPublished - 17 Sept 2019
MoE publication typeA4 Conference publication
EventISRM International Congress on Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering - Bourbon Cataratas Convention & Spa Resort, Iguassu Falls, Brazil
Duration: 13 Sept 201918 Sept 2019
Conference number: 14

Publication series

NameProceedings in Earth and geosciences
PublisherCRC Press
ISSN (Print)2639-7749
ISSN (Electronic)2639-7757


ConferenceISRM International Congress on Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering
Abbreviated titleISRM
CityIguassu Falls
Internet address


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  • Kira-digi / KAVI

    Rinne, M., Janiszewski, M. & Oraskari, J.


    Project: Other external funding: Other government funding

  • VYR KARMO III 2018

    Rinne, M., Caballero Hernandez, E., Hakala, V., Szydlowska, M. & Uotinen, L.


    Project: Other external funding: Other government funding

  • Fractusan

    Rinne, M., Sirkiä, J., Oraskari, J., Karttunen, S., Szydlowska, M., Uotinen, L. & Savikko, H.


    Project: Business Finland: New business from research ideas (TUTLI)

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