Photoelectrochemical, photocatalytic and electrocatalytic behavior of titania films modified by nitrogen and platinum species

D. Ihnatiuk, V. Vorobets, M. Šihor, C. Tossi, G. Kolbasov, N. Smirnova, I. Tittonen, A. Eremenko, K. Kočí, O. Linnik*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Co-doping of titania by N and Pt species was employed to tune the electronic structure and enhance the electrocatalytic and photocatalytic activity of the films. Herein, the different approaches of synthesis procedure of Pt- and Pt,N–TiO2 films were used to investigate their effect on the platinum oxidation states. The resulting different species of Pt led to the changes in the electronic structure of TiO2, with consequent bandgap narrowing, anodic shift of the flat band potential, and cathodic shift of the valence band The quantum yield efficiency was correlated with Pt0 atomic content and the relative atomic content of Ptn+–O–Ti fragments, whereas its decrease for some samples can be caused by the presence of N and Ptn+. The highest response for N2O photocatalytic decomposition was observed over Pt,N–TiO2 films. The presence of metal and non-metal species in TiO2 structure resulted in synergistic effect including (1) inhibition of recombination of the electrons and holes and (2) narrowing of the bandgap. Electrocatalytic properties in hydrogen and oxygen evolution reactions were improved by Pt doping. The formed Pt2+–O–Ti bonds rather than Pt nanoparticles are suggested to be responsible for the highest electrocatalytic activity. The additional UV exposure of the electrodes led to Pt NPs aggregation as a result of photodeposition of Pt ions. The mechanism of the Pt2+ photoreduction in TiO2 structure is proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Nanoscience (Switzerland)
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Electrocatalytic oxygen and hydrogen evolution
  • Nitrogen incorporation
  • Photocatalytic NO decomposition
  • Pt ions
  • Titania films


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